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Surveyor's Compass
1700s

Mapping the colonies
In the early 1700s, London-trained instrument maker Anthony Lamb fell afoul of the law and was punished by transportation to the American colonies. About 1730, he set up shop in New York City, under the sign of the "Compass and Quadrant." The surveyor's compasses that Lamb made, like the one here, were particularly suited for North America, where colonists were eager to gain control of vast amounts of open land. (In England, where land was much more precious, surveyors relied on precise and expensive instruments known as theodolites.)

Notes
Anthony Lamb (1703-1784)
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